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Vocabularies Related to Lupus

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Adrenal gland:
Human organ located next to the kidney that produces various hormones including cortico-steroids.

Anti-Nuclear Antibody test. One of important to test the lupus-related immune system.

Generally any foreign substance that does not belong to one's own body.

Chemical produced by the body to recognize and bind to the antigens.

Pain (-algia) in joints

Auto-immune disorder:
A disease or condition that causes your immune system to respond as if parts of your body are a foreign substance (auto-immune). Your body directs antibodies and white cells against itself, causing inflammation and injury to certain tissues and organs.

C3 C4 complement:
substance found in normal blood serum that destroys pathogenic bacteria and materials.

female sex hormone, important in menstural cycles, lactation and conception.

a drug used for the treatment of high-blood pressure

A method used to do ANAtest. Various cells participating in the immune system such as antibodies are tagged with special agents that can be seen under the special fluorescent light.

white blood count below 4,000 cells per cubic millimeter

less than 1,500 lymphocytes (one of constituent cell of blood that is important in various immune response) per cubic millimeter

Non-erosive arthritis:
involving two or more peripheral joints (arthritis in which the bones around the joints do not become destroyed)

Inflammation of the pericardiac sac (a sac containing heart)

Sensitivity toward light

Pain in the chest on deep breathing

Inflammation of the pleura (a sac surrounding lungs)

a drug used for the treatment of arrhythmia (irregular heart beat)

Raynaud's phenomena:
fingers turning white and/or blue in the cold. Reduction in blood flow to extremeties, that turns them cold, white or even blue. The phenomena can also occur at the tip of nose.

Dark pigmentation of the skin. Not all the black spots are sclerodema.

Sjogren's syndrome:
syndrome characterized by dry eyes (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) and dry mouth (xerostomia) resulting from immunologically medicated destruction of the lacrimal (tear producing) and salivary (saliva producing) glands.

less than 100,000 platelets (one of constituent cell of blood that is important in blood clotting) per cubic millimeter

Dilution method which counts the number of the dilution to get blood free of antibodies of interest. High titer dilution points to high level of antibody in blood.

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